Cleaning validation is used to establish that a predetermined cleaning process and procedure are capable to reduce the chemical and microbial residues below safe acceptance criteria.
The following diagram is the Cleaning Validation Triangle (CVT) that summarizes the most relevant 12 elements and 8 levels considered during any cleaning validation. Read more information
What is Cleaning?
Cleaning is the process of removing the residues from manufacturing equipment/facilities below a predetermined level. Read more information.
Why Cleaning Validation?
Cleaning validation is necessary to demonstrate that all residues are removed from the product contact surfaces to a predetermined level prior to providing the equipment or device by the final user. Read more information
When is Required a Cleaning Validation?
It is required when a firm may decide to use certain equipment for manufacturing process steps that produce contamination, foreign matter, tarry, or gummy residues that are difficult to remove from the equipment. Equipment that is difficult to clean and is often dedicated to a specific product.
Any residues from the cleaning process itself (detergents, solvents, etc.) also have to be removed from the equipment.
What 7 Factors Make a Cleaning Validation Successful?
Successful cleaning validation must demonstrate that the process and equipment do as established in the design documents under normal manufacturing operations. Read more information
How to Prepare a Cleaning Validation Protocol in 24 Steps?
The cleaning validation protocol may include, but, is not limited to the following 24 sections and information, (as applicable), Read more information
12 Errors to Avoid During a Successful Cleaning Validation
Cleaning Equipment Design
The design of equipment is the most important element to consider in cleaning process efficacy, specifically in large systems that may employ semi-automatic or fully automatic clean-in-place (CIP) systems since they represent a significant concern. Read more information
How to write a Cleaning Process Procedures in 6 steps.
The cleaning process procedure is the core center of any cleaning validation. It is the most important element to consider in cleaning process efficacy, specifically in large systems that may employ semi-automatic or fully automatic clean-in-place (CIP) systems since they represent a significant concern. Read more information.
The Top Analytical Methods Used in Cleaning Validation:
Specific and non-Specific Methods
The success of the cleaning validation shall depend on the correct design and selection of the analytical method and its parameter characteristics to detect contaminants. Some of these testings are physical as visual cleanliness and others are analytical testing. Read more information.
Cleaning Validation Sampling
There are two (2) most common types of sampling that have been found acceptable during cleaning validation. Read more information.
GMP Regulations (Part 133.4) stated as follows “Equipment … shall be maintained in a clean and orderly manner .” A very similar section on equipment cleaning (211.67) was included in the 1978 CGMP regulations. Of course, the main rationale for requiring clean equipment is to prevent contamination or adulteration of drug products. Read more information.
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More details on specific FDA expectations can be found in the guidance document below.
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